November 10 marks the annual observance of World Science Day for Peace and Development, established by UNESCO to promote the critical role of science in society and encourage active public participation in debates on new scientific questions. This day aims to bring science closer to society and ensure that citizens are informed about scientific progress, while highlighting the impact of science on our daily lives and strengthening our societies.
Theme for 2023: Building confidence in science
The 2023 theme, “Building Trust in Science”, highlights the need for reliable science to guide our collective future and develop evidence-based solutions to complex global challenges.
International Day of Peace: September 21, 2023
The impact of science on global development
Science plays a crucial role in the smart and sustainable development of our societies. According to the UNESCO Science Report 2021, global spending on research rose by 19.2% between 2014 and 2018, a sign of the increasing importance given to research and development around the world.
Employment and education
In 2013, approximately 7.8 million people were working full-time in research, an increase of 21% since 2007, and researchers represent 1% of the global population. International education has also seen significant growth, with the number of international students rising from 2.8 million to 4.1 million between 2005 and 2013, supporting increased international scientific cooperation.
European Researchers Night: 29 September 2023
Investments in research and development
Global spending on research and development totaled $1.48 trillion in 2013, a faster growth rate than the global economy between 2007 and 2013. In addition, the share of corporate R&D has increased slightly, with countries such as China and India accounting for an increasing share of corporate R&D at the expense of the West.
The number of published scientific articles increased by 23% between 2008 and 2014, reflecting the intensification of research activities, especially in middle-income economies such as China.
It is undeniable that science is a driving force for a better future, and World Science Day for Peace and Development on 10 November 2023 reminds us of our collective responsibility to support and trust scientific research. This is an opportunity for everyone to participate in the scientific conversation and contribute to building an informed and cultured society.
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