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Cuba’s demographics continue to decline

(Havana) The Cuban population, currently 11 million, should continue to decline rapidly to 9 million by 2050, according to the Office of National Statistics (Onei), which recorded a record population decline for 2022. The birth rate is for 60 years.

“The trend of demographic decline continues, a process that has accelerated” in recent years, said Diego Enrique Gonzalez, director of the Center for Population and Development Studies of the National Statistical Office (ONI).

According to the expert, “if current trends are not reversed, which seems unlikely,” the island’s population could drop from the current 11 million to less than 9 million in 2054.

At the end of 2022, it was the largest island in the Caribbean with a population of 11,089,511.

However, this figure does not take into account the historical wave of migration that has affected the island since the end of 2021, against the background of a major economic crisis, in light of the combined impact of the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic, and structural weaknesses. tightening the US embargo.

More than 300,000 Cubans immigrated to the United States in 2022, according to US authorities, or about 2.7% of the population. Others also immigrated to Latin America and Europe, but no official figures are available.

According to Cuban law, a Cuban can stay up to two years outside the island without losing his residence. So it still counts in the stats during this period.

According to Onei director Juan Carlos Alfonso, Cuba registered “95,403 births in 2022, the lowest number in 60 years,” against “120,098 deaths.”

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He added that Cuba is “currently the country with the lowest fertility rate in Latin America and the Caribbean,” making it one of the countries in the region with the highest proportion of elderly people (22.3% of the population).