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What vaccinations are required for travel?

What vaccinations are required for travel?

Before traveling abroad, it is highly recommended that you be aware of your vaccination schedule, but also to protect against diseases that are common in the destination country. Africa, Asia, South America … List of mandatory and recommended vaccinations by country.

To protect yourself from dangerous diseases that are common in some countries abroad, you must get vaccinated. Before leaving on a trip, it is necessary to find out more The risk of disease in the country(ies) of your trip and whether there are any vaccinations that need to be done. It is important to be informed and prepared Two to three months before leaving By making an appointment with the attending physician or at a vaccination center that specializes in vaccinations for travelers. List and tips the Dr. Patrice Bourret, an infectious disease specialist at the Alfred Fournier Institute in Paris.

What vaccinations are required when traveling?

Yellow fever vaccination (or yellow fever vaccination) is mandatory for any stay, especially in tropical regions of Africa and South America. Yellow fever vaccine The only one required by international health regulations (which connects 196 countries in an effort to reduce the spread of public health risks). Some African countries impose it as a condition for entering their territory for all travelers (even if the traveler is only passing through the airport). Countries that require recent yellow fever vaccination and where the disease is present are: Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Suriname, Chad, Togo, Venezuela and Zambia. Yellow fever vaccination must be done at least 10 days before departure. If you have been vaccinated against yellow fever, you will be given an International Certificate of Vaccination. In some cases, a second dose is recommended.

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Depending on the country visited (you can consult For information on the website Diplatie.gouv.fr Information by countryVaccinations against the following diseases may be required or highly recommended:

  • The vaccines recommended in France may be more necessary in other countries. For example, against diphtheria, Which disappeared in France, but is still spreading in or against some countries in Eastern Europe or Asia poliomyelitis epidemics in some African countries.
  • Japanese encephalitis (vaccination for risky or expatriate survival practice in some countries of Asia or Oceania)
  • Infectious encephalitis (For residence in rural or forested areas in central, eastern and northern Europe, north central Asia, Japan and China)
  • typhoid fever (For any prolonged stay or in poor conditions in countries where hygiene is precarious). This vaccine is particularly recommended in the Indian subcontinent.
  • Invasive meningococcal infections (according to epidemiological regions news)
  • Hepatitis A (Countries where hygiene is precarious, whatever the circumstances of your stay)
  • Hepatitis b (frequent and extended stays in countries with a high or medium prevalence of this virus)
  • anger (Long-term stay or venture in isolation in high-risk areas: Africa, Asia, and South America)
  • seasonal influenza (Highly recommended for high-risk groups: the chronically ill, the elderly taking part in a group excursion or cruise)

What vaccinations should be taken when going to Africa?

Hepatitis A vaccination It is recommended systemically as a single injection 15 days before departure, a booster dose after 1 to 3 (5) years (children, from 1 year of age).

Yellow fever vaccination is mandatoryA yellow fever vaccination certificate is required upon entry to most countries in Africa for all travelers over the age of 9 months. Countries that require recent yellow fever vaccination and where the disease is present are: Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Suriname, Chad, Togo, Venezuela and Zambia.

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► By type of residence, Vaccination against hepatitis B, rabies and typhoid must be done.

To prevent malariaIt is advised to sleep under the mosquito net and take the medications provided for this purposeProf. Patrice Bourret specifies.

What vaccinations should you do when you go to Thailand?

Hepatitis A vaccine It is recommended to give 1 injection 15 days before departure, a booster dose after 1 to 3 (5) years (children, from 1 year of age).

► Depending on the type of residence, it may be advisable to get vaccinated against itJapanese encephalitis (only for people who go to very remote villages), Hepatitis B, rabies and typhoid.

What vaccinations should be taken when going to India?

Hepatitis A vaccine Systemically recommended by 1 injection 15 days before departure, booster dose from 1 to 3 (5) years, children: from 1 year of age.

► Depending on the type of residence, vaccination against it may be recommended Hepatitis B, rabies and typhoid.

What vaccinations should I have when going to Vietnam?

Hepatitis A vaccine Systemically recommended by 1 injection 15 days before departure, booster dose from 1 to 3 (5) years, children: from 1 year of age.

► By type of residence, Japanese encephalitis vaccines (only for people who go to very remote villages), Hepatitis B, rabies and typhoid can be advised.

What vaccinations must be taken when traveling to Japan?

Hepatitis A vaccine Systemically recommended by 1 injection 15 days before departure, booster dose from 1 to 3 (5) years, children: from 1 year of age.

► By type of residence, Japanese encephalitis vaccines (only for people who go to very remote villages), Hepatitis B, rabies and typhoid can be advised.

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What vaccinations should be taken when going to South America?

Hepatitis A vaccine Systemically recommended by 1 injection 15 days before departure, booster dose from 1 to 3 (5) years, children: from 1 year of age.

► Depending on the residency conditions, Yellow fever vaccination One injection may be recommended at least 10 days before departure, and from 9 months of age.

vaccinations against Hepatitis B, rabies and typhoid It is also recommended in case of extended stay and isolation situation.

►”In the Amazon, it is recommended to take malaria medicine And sleep under a mosquito net“, confirms the infectious scientist.

What vaccinations to perform Hajj?

Vaccination against meningococcal meningitis Obligatory for those who perform Hajj to Mecca.

Hepatitis A vaccine Systemically recommended by 1 injection 15 days before departure, booster dose from 1 to 3 (5) years, children: from 1 year of age.

► Depending on the conditions of residence, vaccinations against Hepatitis B, rabies and typhoid Can be highly recommended.

What vaccinations are required when going on a cruise?

There is no mandatory vaccination on a cruise, as long as you don’t get off the boat (otherwise, pre-issued vaccination rules apply by country). But it is recommended for hepatitis A and typhoid. Dr. Patrice Bourret confirms. For people who work on boats or planes, there is no mandatory vaccine but hepatitis A and typhoid vaccines are recommended.

What vaccinations should a pregnant woman who travels take?

There are no contraindications. On the contrary, pregnant women are more fragile so it is necessary to do vaccinationsreassures the infection specialist.

Thanks to Dr. Patrice Bourret, infectious disease specialist at the Alfred Fournier Institute in Paris.