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Rendu conceptuel de la base Mars Dune Alpha. © Icon

NASA recruits for a year-long simulation mission to Mars

The US Space Agency announced in a statement the launch of a test campaign for a future manned mission to Mars. The simulation will immerse the candidate astronauts in the Red Planet’s extreme conditions for a year beginning in the fall of 2022.

distance moon, March destination for NASA. The US agency takes another step towards the conquest of the red planet in Press release issued on August 6 Announcing the highly anticipated implementation of a series of manned mission simulations on Mars. His name is Shabiya (Crew health and peer performance exploration), the first test campaign will take place in a habitat that reproduces the planet’s living conditions in the southern United States. Three sessions will be organized, each year, starting fromAutumn 2022.

The first training for Mars colonists

If NASA’s ambition is to land astronauts on the moon again, Artemis missions It is a real starting point for the Mars adventure. The most optimistic forecast predicts the first flights to Mars between 2028 and 2030. However, the utopia of a Mars colony faces the harsh reality of facts: the constraints of the round trip and daily life there.

Given the optimal approach between Earth and Mars, astronauts would have to live in the confined space of a space shuttle for several months, between 200 and 350 days. This trip requires an improvement in time spent on the neighboring planet, and the researchers want to install future Mars explorers while 360 to 500 days. L ‘Atmosphere Mars is so weak that it makes life in the open air impossible, which is why in order to re-create these harsh living conditions, NASA called the company icon To build a base of 157 m2 Allowing ambitious adventurers to immerse themselves in a realistic replica of the habitat of Mars.

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3D printed, Mars Alpha Sand Dunes It will be installed in the heart Johnson Space Center, in Texas. The mission will test the astronauts’ ability to resist isolation and allow them to conduct several experiments: managing food supplies, responding to unexpected accidents or even exports from regions of Mars thanks to Virtual Reality.

Traveling to Mars: The Reality of Tomorrow?

Exploration of Mars is beginning to take shape, but it is still difficult to implement. Elon Musk, very optimistic, hopes to bring the next generation of astronauts to the planet At the earliest in 2026 Thanks to his company, Space X. But researchers like Sylvester Morris insist on the hostility of life on Mars and the impossibility of true colonization. On the microphone of France Inter, NSastrophysicist Last August 4, the French reported that they live on Mars. It was not a matter of life, but a matter of survival..

While waiting to see the first human set foot on the Red Planet, new teams of astronauts are expected to set foot on the Moon in the middle of the decade during the Artemis missions, 50 years after the end of the Apollo program in 1972. Who should pave the way for new challenges and the introduction of new technologies The way to colonize space for scientific purposes. NASA hopes to shape the next human on our natural satellite by 2024.

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