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American researcher Edward Osborne Wilson, father of social biology and biodiversity advocate, dies

American researcher Edward Osborne Wilson, father of social biology and biodiversity advocate, dies

His work is so vast that some believe that he sees it as a “New Darwin”When others call him more affectionately « Ant Man »Ant man. American biologist Edward Osborne Wilson died on December 26, 2021 in Burlington, Massachusetts, at the age of 92.

“It would be difficult to underestimate Ed’s scientific achievements, but his impact extends to all aspects of society. He was a true visionary with a unique ability to inspire and motivate. He expressed, perhaps better than anyone else, what it means to be human”said David J. Prend, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the EO Wilson Foundation for Biodiversity – a case espoused by the researcher.

Geneticist Richard Dawkins He paid tribute to his memory on Twitter: “Sad news of the passing of Ed Wilson. Great entomologist, ecologist, greatest aquatic biologist, inventor of social biology, pioneer in island biogeography, human genius and biologist, Crawford and Pulitzer Prize, great Darwin (one exception, blind spot for choosing kinship. Rest in peace.” This eulogy, with sour criticism as a coda, reflects what the researcher, who has tested him in academic battles, can provoke: a great respect for his erudition and his various contributions to the sciences of evolution, sometimes accompanied by a skepticism of his conclusions about the origin of behaviour, especially human behaviour.

Throughout his career at Harvard University

EO Wilson was born on June 10, 1929 in Birmingham, Alabama. He consoled himself for his parents’ divorce when he was eight by observing plants and animals. He loses his eye due to a hook while hunting. “The attention of my remaining eyes turned to the ground.”Written in his autobiography, he remembers The New York Times. Then he developed a passion for ants, which would become the undisputed specialist, discovering the importance of pheromones. After receiving his Ph.D. at Harvard, he spent his entire career at the prestigious university.

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“He was first and foremost a very good field naturalist, points to Laurent Keller (University of Lausanne), who studied the social organization of fire ants as a postdoctoral fellow in his lab in the 1990s. In particular, he described the genus of ants, which includes about a thousand species. “ His encyclopedic knowledge will crystallize in “Ants,” which he co-wrote with Pulitzer Prize-winning entomologist Bert Holdupler (1990), one of his bestselling books. “He had an ease in writing, a knack for synthesis. He was a huge factor. We hardly saw him in the lab, he came back every two weeks with 40 handwritten pages, and only erased two or three times”A fan of Laurent Keeler.

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